Root Canal Treatment

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When Is Root Canal Treatment Needed?

The crown of the tooth is made up of the hard, white, enamel layer and a thicker dentine layer. Both these hard layers protect the innermost living part of the tooth called the pulp. The dental pulp contains blood vessels and nerves and extends from the crown to the tips of the  roots.

Root canal treatment involves the removal of diseased pulp tissue from the tooth.The pulp can become infected, inflamed or even die. Some of the causes are deep decay or restorations, broken or fractured teeth due to trauma, excessive wear exposing the pulp, and sometimes as a result of periodontal disease.

Signs may include pain, prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold, discoloration of the tooth, swelling, tenderness of the overlying gums or a bad taste in the mouth. On the other hand, there may be no symptoms at all. If left untreated, it can eventually cause abscess formation.

What Are The Advantages Of Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment saves teeth that would otherwise have to be extracted. Although after root canal treatment the tooth has no living tissues within, there are vital tissues surrounding the root e.g. the gum, periodontal membrane and supporting bone. A root treated tooth can function normally and can be maintained with routine dental care and oral hygiene measures. Clinical research shows that crowning root treated teeth prolongs their life.

Is Root Canal Treatment Painful?

Root canal treatment procedures are relatively comfortable and often painless as the tooth is anaesthetised during treatment. After treatment, the tooth may be sensitive or tender for a few days due to inflammation of the surrounding tissues. This discomfort can be relieved by taking mild painkillers available over the counter at the pharmacy.